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One of the basics of volleyball and beach volleyball is passing. The flat platform created with the arms used to play the ball. But the name passing in English doesn’t imply all the possibilities there are of this basic technique. It is not simply “passing” the ball to an other person. The technique of the pass can vary significantly depending on the game situation the pass is executed in. In Italy we call passing “bagher”, and there is more than one kind of it.

If you want to improve your bagher, the first step is to understand the differences between one technique to another based on different game situations. It depends wether you are receiving, defending, setting or passing an easy ball to your partner. Each time the execution technique is completely different.

The following GIFs will introduce you to this concept and demonstrate the different kinds of baghers.

Spend at least 40 seconds for every GIF, discover new details and change your focus through them during the observation. Enjoy the process, get hypnotized, be curios.

GIFs in general are extraordinary weapons to learn a new motor-pattern and memorize a movement by watching the loop over and over again. They don’t only help analyzing a game situation, the observer can also learn a lot about the execution of a certain sports technique.

The first touch: receiving the opponent’s service

If the service is strong: contain the bounce close to you. In this game action you can see the first type of bagher: let’s call it “The Absorber”. This technique is used mainly in a receiving situation where the ball from the opposite team arrives with a high speed and in order to receive it properly, the receiver’s bagher has to absorb the strength of the ball. As you can see in the GIF the arms of the player almost go into a backward movement and the whole body too absorbs the strong service, even if before he approaches the ball with a stiff jump towards it.
[WPGP gif_id=”1838″ width=”600″]

The second touch: Setting the ball with bagher

As you can see in the GIF, the movement of the setting bagher is very different to the reception above. As the player performs the bagher she is stable on the ground and stops to move before hitting the ball. The leg closest to the net is in front, the arms parallel to the ground.
Hint: the ball is pushed up vertically by using arms and legs. 
[WPGP gif_id=”1758″ width=”600″]

The Defense bagher

At hobby level, strong spikes are not that common. So let’s focus on how to dig short balls.
In this case the GIF will show an amazing and explosive athletic gesture. Players of any level have to know something really important about the defense bagher: land on your elbows and push yourself up again as fast as you can. Remember: if you dig the ball then you have to spike it after.
The most important rule: two hands if you can!
[WPGP gif_id=”1845″ width=”600″]

Use bagher as a smart weapon

When I coached different Beach Volleyball Camps I noticed that a lot of people try too much to make points with the first touch in bagher by putting the ball directly on the other side. WRONG AND UGLY! Especially in a mixed game the man often abuses this possibility. It’s always better to do three touches. Why? Because that’s how Beach Volleyball should be played.
Then, only in very special situations, you can be smart like Bruno and make a point like this.
[WPGP gif_id=”1849″ width=”600″]


The understanding of the different details between one bagher execution to another is certainly the first most important step to improve your personal technique. Keep observing GIFs and videos to see how the pros perform a technical gesture, it is never a loss of time. After observating of course you also have to train your skills. Repeating the same gesture on the court, making mistakes and understanding them is an essential part of the learning process.

(c) Rai